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The UK Permanent Committee on Geographical Names lists "United Kingdom" and "UK or U.
K." as shortened and abbreviated geopolitical terms for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, it does not list "Britain", The adjective "British" is commonly used to refer to matters relating to the United Kingdom.
In the 18th century, cabinet government developed under Robert Walpole, in practice the first prime minister (1721–1742).
A series of Jacobite Uprisings sought to remove the Protestant House of Hanover from the British throne and restore the Catholic House of Stuart.
The term has no definite legal connotation, but is used in law to refer to United Kingdom citizenship and matters to do with nationality.
The Roman conquest, beginning in 43 AD, and the 400-year rule of southern Britain, was followed by an invasion by Germanic Anglo-Saxon settlers, reducing the Brittonic area mainly to what was to become Wales, Cornwall and, until the latter stages of the Anglo-Saxon settlement, the Hen Ogledd (northern England and parts of southern Scotland).
is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland.
The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.
the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history.
The United Kingdom is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy.
but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution.
With the founding of the Royal Society in 1660, science was greatly encouraged.
During this period, particularly in England, the development of naval power (and the interest in voyages of discovery) led to the acquisition and settlement of overseas colonies, particularly in North America.